Tehran is the commercial heart of Iran. Tehran province has over 17,000
industrial units employing 390,000 people, 26% of all units in Iran. The
province contains 30% of Iran's economy, and comprises 40% of Iran's
consumer market. The province has three hydro dams namely Latiyan, Lar,
and Amir Kabir as well as two natural lakes, providing the water supply
of Tehran and the province. The province contains 170 mines, over 330
square kilometres of forests, and over 12800 square kilometres of
Tehran county borders Shemiranat county to the north, Damavand county to
the east, Eslamshahr, Pakdasht, and Ray counties to the south, and
Karaj and Shahriar counties to the west..
The city of Tehran is divided into 22 municipal districts, each with its own administrative centers.
Within these 22 districts, Tehran contains the following major neighborhoods:
Abbas Abad, Afsariyeh, Amaniyeh, Amir Abad, Bagh Feiz, Baharestan,
Darakeh, Darband, Dardasht, Dar Abad, Darrous, Dehkadeh Olampik,
Ekhtiyariyeh, Elahiyeh, Evin, Farmanieh, Fereshteh, Gheitariye, Gholhak,
Gisha, Gomrok, Hasan Abad, Jamaran, Jannat Abad, Javadiyeh, Jomhuri,
Jordan, Lavizan, Mehran, Narmak, Navab, Nazi Abad, Niavaran, Park-e
Shahr, Pasdaran, Piroozi, Punak, Ray, Sa'adat Abad, Sadeghiyeh, Seyed
Khandan, Sohrevardi, Shahrara, Shahr-e ziba, Shahrak-e Gharb, Shemiran,
Tajrish, Tehranpars, Tehransar, Vanak, Velenjak, Yaft Abad, Yusef Abad,
Tehran relies heavily on private cars, buses, motorcycles, and taxis,
and is one of the most car-dependent cities in the world. The Tehran
Stock Exchange, which is a full member of the Federation International
des Bourses de Valeurs (FIBV) and a founding member of the Federation of
Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges, has been one of the world's best performing
stock exchanges in recent years.
Also this a list of Tehran streets named after international
personalities: Henri Corbin Street, Edward Browne Street, Gandhi Street,
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Expressway, Iqbal Lahori Street, Patrice Lumumba
Street and Bobby Sands Street.
Tehran is the biggest and most important educational center of Iran.
Today there are nearly 50 major colleges and universities total in
Greater Tehran. Since the establishment of Darolfonoon in the mid-19th
century, Tehran has amassed a large number of institutions of higher
education. Some of these institutions have played crucial roles in the
unfolding of Iranian political events. Dr. Samuel M. Jordan, whom Jordan
Avenue in Tehran was named after, was also one of the founding pioneers
of the American College of Tehran that is now well-known as Alborz high
In terms of physical exercises, Azadi Stadium is the 5th biggest
football stadium in the world and the 1st in the Middle East. Tehran is
also the site of Iran's national football stadium on Azadi Sport Complex
with 100,000 seating capacity. Azadi Football Stadium is biggest
stadium in Iran and Middle East and one of the biggest in the World.
The ski resort of Dizin is situated to the north of Tehran in the Alborz
Mountains. Tochal Ski Resort is the world's fifth highest ski resort,
at over 3,730 meters (12,240 ft) at its highest 7th station.
Here, one must first ride the eight kilometer long gondola lift which
covers a huge vertical and is probably the longest line in the world.
The 7th station has three slopes.
The Azadi Tower has been the longstanding symbol of Tehran. It was
constructed to commemorate the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian
Empire, and was originally named "Shahyad Tower"; after the Iranian
revolution, its name changed to "Azadi Tower," meaning "Freedom Tower."
The recently constructed Milad Tower may eventually replace the Azadi
Tower as Tehran's new symbol. The Milad complex contains the world's
fourth tallest tower, several restaurants, a five star hotel, a
convention center, a world trade center, and an IT park. Traditionally a
low-lying city due to seismic activity in the region, modern high rise
developments in Tehran have been undertaken in order to service its
Tehran is also home to the Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels, also called
the Imperial Crown Jewels of Persia, it is claimed to be the largest,
most dazzling and valuable jewel collection in the world. The collection
comprises a set of crowns and thrones, some 30 tiaras, numerous
aigrettes, jewel-studded swords and shields, a vast amount of precious
loose gems, including the largest collections of emeralds, rubies and
diamonds in the world. It also includes other items collected by the
Shahs of Iran during the 2,500 year existence of the Iranian Kingdom.
The Imperial Crown Jewels are still on display in the Iranian Central
Bank in Tehran.
The following table shows some places for outdoor activities in Tehran:
- Tochal Ski resort
- Mellat Park
- Azadi complex
- Tar Lake
- Niavaran Park
- Tangeh vashi
- Jahan-e Kudak Park
- Darband hiking trail
- Laleh Park
- Enghelab Sports Complex
- Amir Kabir Lake
- Shatranj Park
- Sa'ei Park
- Kavir National Park
- Chitgar Park
- Darakeh hiking trail
- Latyan Lake
- Lar Natural Habitat
- Lavizan Forest Park
- Goft-o-gu Park
Tehran has also been considered as sister city for Moscow, Seoul, Manila, Minsk and Los Angeles.
Some major international sport competitions has been held in Tehran,
since then, of which, could be named 1974 7th Asian Games, first time in
middle east; 1976 AFC Asian Cup and 1997 West Asian Games.
Tehran province's major universities are: Shariaty Technical College, Allameh Tabatabaii University,
Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Alzahra
University, Shamsipour Technical College, Baqiyatallah Medical Sciences
University, Farabi Institute of Virtual Higher Education, Iran
University of Science and Technology, Imam Hossein University, Iran
University of Medical Sciences,
K.N.Toosi University of Technology, Shahid Beheshti University, Sharif
University of Technology, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran University
of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Moaalem University,
University of The Arts, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation
Sciences, University of Tehran, Islamic Azad University of
Tehran-Science and Research, Islamic Azad University of Tehran-Medical
Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Tehran-North, Islamic Azad
University of Tehran-South, Islamic Azad University of Tehran-Central,
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Institute for Studies in
Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Comprehensive University of
Technology, Tehran University of Applied Science and Technology, Tehran
College of Environment, International University of Iran, Iran College
of Tele-communications, Medical University for the Islamic Republic of
Iran's Army, NAJA University of Police, School of Economic Affairs
(SEA),School of International Relations, Shahed University of Medical
Sciences, Shahid Sattari University of Aeronautical Engineering, The
Research Institute of The Petroleum Industry, Iran Polymer and
Petrochemical Institute, Power and Water Institute of Technology (PWIT),
Payame Noor University.
is a town located on the east of Tehran province on
Tehran-Mazandaran road. The town is just past the fork between Haraz and
Firoozkooh roads. The estimated population of Roudehen and suburbs is
around 6000 out of which 7% were inhabited in the town and the rest in
the surrounding villages. Roudehen had a population of 12000 when the
Islamic Azad University (IAU) was founded in 1983.
is a city in the Tehran Province, situated in the
south-east of this province and has estimated 27.000 inhabitants. The
older names of the city were Samenat and later Emamzadeh-Ja'far. Pishva
is also the name one of the islands in the Urmia Lake in Iran.
is a city in Tehran Province in Iran. Its estimated
population is 38,000. It is close to Iran's tallest peak Mount Damavand,
which Ferdowsi mentions abundantly in the Shahnameh. The city has
relatively cool weather year round. Damavand is rich in historical
heritage. It contains 37 historical tombs (Imamzadeh), 27 castle ruins,
23 traditional houses of architectural significance, 18 traditional bath
houses, 6 caves, 5 historical bridges, 3 historical mosques, and 3
caravanserais. Damavand country side includes: Kilan, Oureh,
Dashtehmazar, Ahmadabad, Cheshmeh Aalla, Mosha, Dashta, Rouhafza,
Mahaleh-Darvish, Tizab, Tar Lake, Abesard, Gilavand. Damavand
sightseeing and entertainment include Ab-Ali Skiing slope is located in
North-East of Mosha, possibility of paragliding from North of Mosha and
Amamzadeh Hasham. Damavand is the tallest mountain in Iran. Its height
is 5671 meters and it's a calm volcano. There two ways to get to
Damavand from Firouzkooh Road via Gilavand located in South of Damavand
and from Haraz road via Mosha located in North of Damavand.
also known as Shahr-e-Rey is the oldest existing city in
the province of Tehran, where Today has been absorbed into the Greater
Tehran metropolitan city. It is connected via the Tehran Metro to the
rest of Tehran and has many industries and factories in operation.
Limited excavations of what was not bulldozed were begun in 1997 in
collaboration with the Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism
Organization (ICHTO) and the Department of Archaeological Sciences of
the University of Bradford.
contains a famous shrine of a Shia saint Shah-Abdol-Azim,
as well as a 12th century tower called Borj-e Toghrol. There is also a
shrine there, dedicated to commemorate Princess Shahr Banu, eldest
daughter of the last ruler of the Sassanid Empire. The other appeal in
the city is Cheshmeh-Ali, a hill with a spring. In 1933-6 Cheshmeh Ali
hill was excavated by archaeologists from the Boston Fine Arts Museum
and the University Museum at the University of Pennsylvania headed by
Dr. Erich Schmidt, which resulted in the discovery of 7,000-year-old
artifacts. Some of the discovered objects are displayed at museums in
Iran, Chicago, and Philadelphia. The architectural structure was
constructed under the reign of Saljuks at the order of Toghrol in 1140,
once he transferred the capital city from Neyshabour to Ray. Other major
consecutions include Shah Abbasi Caravansary, Rey Bazaar, Anyanaj
Tower, Gebri Crypt,
is a city located in the south of Tehran Province.
Varamin rugs and carpets have geometric patterns with repeated
medallions, especially on runners. They are made by tribal people who
either live in or pass by Varamin.